Friday, October 24, 2014
Many lump ouiji boards with other things that labeled as harmless fun. You know, a little scary fun that no one believes is real. Tarot cards, palm readers, mediums, astrology (not to be confused with astronomy..the study of space), and such are seen as diversions. The Scriptures forbid them. I know, I know...the killjoy Bible bans it. The Catechism of the Catholic Church also condemns this in paragraph 2117: All practices of magic or sorcery, by which one attempts to tame occult powers, so as to place them at one’s service and have a supernatural power over others—even if this were for the sake of restoring their health—are gravely contrary to the virtue of religion. These practices are even more to be condemned when accompanied by the intention of harming someone, or when they have recourse to the intervention of demons. Wearing charms is also reprehensible. Spiritism often implies divination or magical practices; the Church for her part warns the faithful against it. Recourse to so-called traditional cures does not justify either the invocation of evil powers or the exploitation of another’s credulity. The occult seeks to harness spiritual powers in order to manipulate them to an end for the individual. Sometimes that end is seen as noble, such as talking with a departed loved one. Sometimes it is for purposes of taking revenge and so on. Either way it is playing with fire in which the handler gets burned.
Evil is real. We see that day in and day out in our news. Spiritual entities are real. Both good and bad. Both angels and demons. They are real. That which is evil is not simply going to present itself as such. Want to contact Aunt Matilda who died years ago to see how she's doing? Maybe mom or dad, a child, grandparents is the desire to be contacted. We do it more often than not because we miss them and our hearts ache that absence.Maybe our problem is we are confused about our futures and want to see what is ahead. The problem is that when we use such means as the occult to do this, we invite things into our lives that we might not have otherwise let in. The demonic is always looking for a welcome entrance. If it has to fool us into believing we are with a dearly departed..so be it. It is not as if deceit isn't part of their game.
Now, some might be thinking this all a bit of hyperbole. It is just a little harmless fun. Isn't that how all addiction in our lives begins? A little harmless fun. In study and study and story after story of documented exorcisms, so many began with a 'little harmless fun' that quickly spun out of control. Inviting these things into your home is dangerous. There is no such thing as a christian medium...that is like saying there is such a thing as a christian professional liar, christian ax murderer, or a christian thief...each are engaged in a behavior expressly forbidden by God. God doesn't do this because He has anything against fun, but because like a loving parent, He wants us to stay away from that which means us harm. To engage in such things as listed above is to push away the hands of God and invite in true evil. To engage in the occult is forbidden because it is a breaking of the 1st Commandment. We are to turn to God with our concerns, our aches, and our loneliness. Why? Because He means what is good for us.
I do not watch horror films and such because I make a point to rejoice in truth and beauty. As followers of Christ our time is better spent rejoicing in beauty and truth as opposed to entertaining ourselves with ugliness and deceit. As one who has seen the aftermath of what happens when evil is invited into a life, it is with no shortness of urgency, I plead with you if you should have engaged in these things, please seek confession, remove the items from your house, destroy them, and never replace them again. They will oppress you. You were not created to be oppressed by evil, but to walk freely as a child of God. Ouiji boards and such are not parlor games, they are contagions which will bring things in that you would never actually want. Do not allow sorrow your sorrow or angst lead you to allow in charlatans and the demonic. Turn rather to God to fill those empty parts and you'll have nothing to fear.
Saturday, October 18, 2014
When Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea, in the days of King Herod, behold, magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying, “Where is the newborn king of the Jews? We saw his starat its rising and have come to do him homage.” When King Herod heard this, he was greatly troubled, and all Jerusalem with him. Assembling all the chief priests and the scribes of the people, he inquired of them where the Messiah was to be born. They said to him, “In Bethlehem of Judea, for thus it has been written through the prophet:
‘And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah,
are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
since from you shall come a ruler,
who is to shepherd my people Israel.’”
Then Herod called the magi secretly and ascertained from them the time of the star’s appearance. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and search diligently for the child. When you have found him, bring me word, that I too may go and do him homage.” After their audience with the king they set out. And behold, the star that they had seen at its rising preceded them, until it came and stopped over the place where the child was. They were overjoyed at seeing the star, and on entering the house they saw the child with Mary his mother. They prostrated themselves and did him homage. Then they opened their treasures and offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. And having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they departed for their country by another way.
We hear now of the birth of the Anointed One (Messiah/Christ). The first to hear of this great news in the Gospel of Matthew are those who shouldn't: the magi. The Magi are pagans. They are astrologers. They are part of a group condemned in the Old Testament as those engaged in the occult. Yet these are the first to find out. God reaches out them where they are and gives them the opportunity of being transformed by the greatness of His love. God beckons and they come. Truth is revealed to them and they respond. From the first moments of the birth of the Messiah we are told that this saving message is meant for all humanity. This message was a message of hope bound in the love of a God that so desperately wants a relationship with us that He will send His Son among us to restore that relationship.He reaches out to these Magi, not by warnings of condemnation, but in the bearing of the Good News. Through their gifts they show that what has been revealed to them is a bit of who Jesus is to be: A priest (frankincense), a prophet (myrrh), and a king (gold). For Jesus to be able to do that for which He was sent, it is necessary He be all three: A king who guides us with the tenderness of the Good Shepherd, a prophet who announces the Gospel, and a priest who will offer Himself to restore a broken relationship between God and man.
Also in this story is a disturbing plot twist: those who should have been thrilled with the news of the birth of the Messiah are not. We hear all Jerusalem is troubled. We see Herod concerned. The chief priests and scribes say where it is to happen but we are given no record of their going. We know Herod will try to have the audacity to kill the Messiah. Their self interest prevent their knowing or believing. Those who should have believed didn't and those who shouldn't have did. Yet the message is made known to both and will continue to be so.
What do we take from this? The whole of our faith is built upon a longed for relationship. That relationship will call us to change, a change that may well not be welcome. We cannot allow the chance that we may be rejected in proclaiming God's desire for a relationship to deter us from that proclamation. We cannot allow the fear of necessary change for the better deter us from heeding the call to relationship. Finally, in making this proclamation ( a prophetic proclamation we are called to make by virtue that we share in the 3 fold ministry of Christ by virtue of our Baptism) we must meet people where they are at...not wait for them to get their acts together (whatever that means!) before it is 'safe' to proclaim. There are no groups we can write off or persecute. There is no person to whom the message of Christ can be kept from. We must approach with compassion, not judgment, not merely calling for conversion, but showing where God has already reached out to them.
Will all accept? No. We will never know who will ot will not accept if we treat our Church as a country club looking for the right members and who doesn't want the wrong ones. This Gospel passage reminds us that in God's eyes their are no membership requirements save one: a willingness to develop into the relationship He calls us into and allow that relationship to transform us into what is better.
Monday, October 13, 2014
“Whoever causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to have a great millstone hung around his neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea. Woe to the world because of things that cause sin! Such things must come, but woe to the one through whom they come" Matthew 18: 6-7
On two occasions, I like every other priest, placed my folded hands in the hands of my bishop, who asked if I promised respect and obedience to him and his successors. Both times I said , "I do". No where was that respect and obedience conditional. To be honest, it is a struggle as I try to navigate ministry day in and day out. It would be easier to be disrespectful in some times, especially when playing to the crowds. It is easy to try to pass the buck to cover my own incompetence and push blame away from myself. It is a constant temptation to play the hero for a person who is confused by or in rebellion towards the Church. It is easy to dispense with teachings when I might gain some personal attention or approval. It is easy to nuance, explain away, or deceive myself into conditional obedience and respect. However, as one given care of a flock that is not mine, it is not without good reason that I obey those in authority over me. I cannot ask for that which I am unwilling to give.
Why say this? I have seen much written by clerics of the Church on the Synod on the Family. They seem to be rallying a side or playing to a loyal crowd...all in the name of defending Holy Mother Church. Some have found it within themselves to chastise the synod which has yet to put out one document. Polarizing clans fight over perceptions that the Synod Fathers want to be too this or too that. Scapegoats are being lined up for future use...pinatas being readied lest an outcome not favorable should appear. Defenders of orthodoxy versus defenders of compassion (as if the two were opposites). Social media and the blogosphere only add to the venues to which raging opinion can be bloviated. Eating this up is a wide eyed audience expecting the spectacle of it all. To what end?!
To what end indeed! Control! A Church that does what I want it to do! A Church that teaches what I want to believe! I can in my heart of hearts believe that what I want is what Christ wants. Should I be so bold! Yet in sowing the seeds of disrespect to this prelate, that bishop, that cardinal, and so forth...I must ask, "How are my actions and words in union with the four marks of the Church which we profess as a matter of faith whenever we pray the Creed?" Do my words and actions support or rend asunder the "one, holy, catholic, and apostolic Church" to which I have been ordained as a member of her clergy? If they do not, how can I have the audacity to demand unquestioning respect and obedience from my flock or partisans? In breeding discontent and conditional obedience, will I not be slain with the same sword? It is scandalous that a cleric of the Church should engage in the petty war of words so common in our political sphere!
So what of the synod? I sit back and wait. I try to understand. I don't jump to conclusions one way or the other. I know the basis of this synod is the same as all things with the teachings of the Church: understanding that there is right and wrong, but that mercy needs to be applied to heal those who are engaging in detrimental behaviors and sins. That mercy may well be pushed aside, but it is what we do. It is not mercy to condone behavior that might well jeopardize eternal life. It is not mercy to tell others to get their act together then come in. It is no secret that the topics of marriage, sexuality, and family life have become a societal war zone. It is not secret that we as a Church have demonstrably failed in preaching and teaching the depth and beauty of our beliefs. These teachings can neither be ignored nor used as weapons to beat sinners. I suspect that this is what the synod fathers are struggling with. I doubt my snapping at their heels or openly vilifying will offer any good. I do know that should I engage in that, I am openly welcoming those placed in my care to give the same disrespect.
To those engage in such behavior, I plead, stop it! You are giving scandal..even if what you are doing is well meaning. To those rallying around such talking clerical heads...perhaps prayer and mortifications for the Holy Spirit's guidance over these proceedings might be a better use of time. Our enemies laugh as we become a circular firing squad. They rejoice in our division. I know that Jesus gave Peter and His successors the keys to the Kingdom, not because of their worthiness, but because they are called to be the chief shepherd of the flock after Christ Himself. We tread into very dangerous waters when we entertain disrespect...for it is a sword that will fall on our head eventually.
Saturday, September 27, 2014
"Now this is how the birth of Jesus Christ came about. When his mother Mary was betrothed to Joseph, but before they lived together, she was found with child through the holy Spirit. Joseph her husband, since he was a righteous man, yet unwilling to expose her to shame, decided to divorce her quietly. Such was his intention when, behold, the angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary your wife into your home. For it is through the holy Spirit that this child has been conceived in her. She will bear a son and you are to name him Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.” All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: “Behold, the virgin shall be with child and bear a son, and they shall name him Emmanuel,” which means “God is with us.” When Joseph awoke, he did as the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took his wife into his home. He had no relations with her until she bore a son, and he named him Jesus." Matthew 1:18-25
After telling us that salvation history has played out despite man's efforts or his fighting against such efforts, we see that a loving God will not be deterred in saving His wayward children. How He does it is spectacular: a wonderful thing we call the Incarnation! The second person of the Trinity purposely becomes a human being as well. He is born of young woman betrothed to a man whom God has chosen to give the duty of protector and provider to this new born Son. The son in question does not belong to Joseph. This son is not of mere human stock. He can't be. This Son bridges a gap that is necessitated to be bridged because of man's rebellion. Man turned his back on God by choosing to be his own god. Man, being immortal, broke faith with that which is eternal. Whatever bridges this man made gap must be able to represent both parties: he must be human for it was humanity that had created the rift; he had to divine as only that which is divine can bridge a rift with the eternal. What love God must have in surrendering His Son to a sinful people! He knows this Son will suffer at their hands, but will willingly give Himself for their sake; His act of love will re-establish the relationship with God and rebuild the bridge to eternal life.
Joseph, we are told, is a just man. He loves Mary. We might well imagine the betrayal he feels when he finds his bride pregnant and knows it cannot be his. Instead of acting in fury and indignation and exposing her to the law and its death penalty for adultery, he decides to divorce her quietly. He could seek revenge, but he does not. God chose well, did he not? But God is not going to leave Joseph in the dark. After Mary of course, he is the first to find out about who this child is. Two names are mentioned: Emmanuel (God is with us) and Jesus (God saved). These tell us what God's plan is. He so desires a relationship with us that if saving us through the gift of His Son is necessary, then so be it. Any doubts Joseph have evaporate and he does as instructed. Joseph is willing to risk whatever plans he had laid out for his life with Mary and surrenders them to a plan he knows will be greater. As the story unfolds, we will Joseph have to give up more, but what happens is far greater than he could ever imagine.
If we were to truly understand God's love for us and how His plans might just so much greater for us and those around us, we might mimic the trust of St. Joseph and lay our lives, our futures, and our paths into His hands. Do we do this? Do we teach our children to do this? No vocation can be found without such an open disposition. Pray, St Joseph, that the followers of your adopted Son might find the trust you did,
Thursday, September 25, 2014
2b Abraham became the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers.c 3Judah became the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar.d Perez became the father of Hezron, Hezron the father of Ram, 4e Ram the father of Amminadab. Amminadab became the father of Nahshon, Nahshon the father of Salmon, 5f Salmon the father of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab. Boaz became the father of Obed, whose mother was Ruth. Obed became the father of Jesse, 6g Jesse the father of David the king.
David became the father of Solomon, whose mother had been the wife of Uriah. 7* h Solomon became the father of Rehoboam, Rehoboam the father of Abijah, Abijah the father of Asaph. 8Asaph became the father of Jehoshaphat, Jehoshaphat the father of Joram, Joram the father of Uzziah. 9Uzziah became the father of Jotham, Jotham the father of Ahaz, Ahaz the father of Hezekiah. 10Hezekiah became the father of Manasseh, Manasseh the father of Amos,* Amos the father of Josiah. 11Josiah became the father of Jechoniah and his brothers at the time of the Babylonian exile.
12i After the Babylonian exile, Jechoniah became the father of Shealtiel, Shealtiel the father of Zerubbabel, 13Zerubbabel the father of Abiud. Abiud became the father of Eliakim, Eliakim the father of Azor, 14Azor the father of Zadok. Zadok became the father of Achim, Achim the father of Eliud, 15Eliud the father of Eleazar. Eleazar became the father of Matthan, Matthan the father of Jacob, 16Jacob the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary. Of her was born Jesus who is called the Messiah.
17Thus the total number of generations from Abraham to David is fourteen generations; from David to the Babylonian exile, fourteen generations; from the Babylonian exile to the Messiah, fourteen generations.*"
There are many people who are into genealogy. I am not one of them. I know my grandparents and some of my great grandparents, I know something of the various nations and tribes from which they came. As far as seeing if I am the long lost relative of ...I don't know...Brosleus III of Lesser Angltopia doesn't interest me. Maybe it should. Where we come from speaks to our family history and its struggles and triumphs. St. Matthew's Gospel begins with a genealogy. Remember, we are not talking about a mere biography, but a proclamation of Good News. Why begin here?
The answer is the concept of something we call salvation history. Salvation history is the story of God's interaction with humanity from its very beginnings. Salvation history tells a story of a God who simply refused to write off a creation that turned on Him. He time and again makes covenants with that fallen humanity. The covenants center on a mutual relationship: "I will be your God, you will be my people." His people did not always prove themselves responsible partners in this relationship. Nonetheless, he keeps calling them back.
Jesus is called the "Son of David, the son of Abraham". This is telling. As son of David, the great King, he is a fulfillment of a promise that one of his heirs would rule the house of Israel forever. As son of Abraham, he is the fulfillment of the promise of how a great nation would spring forth from him. Right off the bat, in Matthew, we are told that this Jesus is the fulfillment of a promise made by a loving God. He keeps His promise not because of Israel's faithful cooperation or because of their power, but because He loves them, regardless of how far they wander. Keep in mind that this lineage from Abraham has been enslaved in Egypt ( God saves them), conquered the Promised Land, then was constantly plagued by troublesome neighbors during the time of the Judges, given a brief high time under the rule of Saul, David, and Solomon, descended into division, was conquered by empires time and again, and was again a conquered people under the Romans of Jesus' time. There are names of just men and horrific sinners and apostates in this list of names. Through all the highs and lows, times of faithfulness and far greater times of infidelity, God refuses to write these people off. He simply loves humans too much to destroy them.
Jesus comes as a promise to be fulfilled by a loving Father. Even as he chastises bad behavior, it is always with an eye towards their redemption. The Gospel story cannot be understood outside of understanding that God's primary disposition to us is love.
So what? Well, God reveals Himself to us not merely to show us who He is, not merely to invite us into relationship, but to show us something of what we who enter into relationship are called to be. As God is, we are called to be. This means that if God's basic disposition to us is that of love and seeking our good, then if we be sons and daughters of such a God, we too must have that same disposition towards ourselves and those around us. It is all too often that we write people off as beneath us, not worth our time, effort, and resources, and as being beyond our willingness to show compassion and mercy. Too much time is spent in finding ways to justify neglect, revenge, and division. One moment spent in such endeavors is far too much time. If we are to expect to understand who Jesus is and the relationship He calls us to, we must start from the vantage point of desiring mercy and compassion and desiring to extend mercy and compassion to others. The whole of who Jesus is becomes clear from these seemingly innocuous verses of a genealogy. To enter into a relationship with this Jesus necessitates us to start from here as well.
Why relationship? Why is knowing about not enough? God doesn't use the terminology of the classroom predominantly. He predominantly uses relationship terms, specifically familial ones. This relationship has a look based on how God has revealed Himself. We call this divine revelation. God reveals Himself as our limited brains can understand that which is not limited to time and space. He does this because He wants us to share in His life. He leaves a record of that divine revelation in the Scriptures. The height of that revelation comes through Jesus Christ. We have four Gospels that want to tell us who Jesus is. They are not designed to be a biography or be a historical record as we would see in history books. The Gospels are much more interested in telling who Jesus is so that we might know Him.
I decided to take a suggestion from Forming Intentional Disciples and focus on a Gospel, going verse by verse, with these questions dominating the class: Who is Jesus? What motivates Him? What type of person is He? This isn't a psychological study. I believe if we understand who calls us into a relationship, we might be more understanding and trustful. My goal isn't for people to just get to know Jesus, but to fall in love with Him and to realize that he loves us. We have been going through the Gospel of Matthew after our weekend Masses (can you believe about 1/4 of the parish stays!?). I also teach 7th/8th grade religion and we begin each class with going verse by verse of the Gospel of Matthew.
I am not a biblical scholar. While I use the scholarly works available to me in disseminating the Gospel, I use much more prayer in preparation. What I aim to do over the next several months is to go through that same Gospel on this blog...verse by verse, chapter by chapter. I hope it might help especially those who doubt God or have a loose relationship at best with God and His people. I believe that once we get to understand Jesus, we will fall in love with Him and allow Him to transform our life. I wish to take the reader on the same journey we are going through in the parish and school.
Be aware, though, that getting to know Jesus will be unsettling at times. It might make us question our own motivations and make us challenge behavior. Let's be honest, though, does not any good relationship transform us (sometimes begrudgingly) for the better? I sincerely pray that whoever reads this will come to faith, belief, and enter into the relationship for which we are eternally created.
Wednesday, September 24, 2014
"Woe to those who call evil good and good evil,
who put darkness for light and light for darkness,
who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter." Isaiah 5:20
who put darkness for light and light for darkness,
who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter." Isaiah 5:20
We live in interesting times. Of course, that is a Chinese curse. We live in a time of dysfunction, confusion, anger, greed, and terror unlike the world has ever seen. Each age had its plagues, wars, and divisions, but never before have we had it in such bulk and with such an overabundance of images and words. Deep in the collective human soul there is a trouble and an accompanying fury. Objective truth has been cast aside for the tyranny of personal opinion. People troll for their perceived enemies to write or say anything for which they stand in accusation. A great darkness has enveloped society. Our institutions groan and heave under the weight of their own malice and injustice. Morality has collapsed under the strain of relativism. What was right is now wrong in the society in which we live...good has become evil. Any divergent opinions are met with the tenacity of a rabid wolverine. Discussion and debate have grown into a cacophony of divergent opinions and bitter monologues screaming over top each other to win the day. Darkness encroaches.
Sounds grim, no? Why bother then? Why not just do a AC/DC singalong humming Highway to Hell? Why not? We shouldn't just yet pack up for the zombie apocalypse just yet. In fact, now is far from the time for fear and doubt. We have been here before. We know the crash comes. All empires collapse. All persecutors fall to the dustbin of history. There is nothing we are experiencing that has not happened before. It is time to turn the ship into the wave. We who believe know who wins the war even when the battles seemingly turn ugly. How then do we turn the ship into the wave?
1. Faith first! In Matthew 7:24-27, at the end of the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus warns his listeners that there choice to listen to Him or not is akin to building your home on rock or sand. When disaster strikes, the house built on rock endures while the house built on sand fails. What is the center of our life? Money? Career? Pleasure? Honor? Power? All of this can and will be taken from each of us as life progresses. What happens if the economy collapses? What then of money and career? What if the government collapses? What if we descend into another war? What if we were to fall into a debilitating disease? What if an accident were to happen? The person who faith first puts its practice first. That means more than attending a church service. It means being a person who just, merciful, kind, peaceful, content with what they have, compassionate, and other centered. Faith is the one thing we possess that cannot be taken from us, it must be surrendered. A person of faith responds differently than one who doesn't. Saying I am a person of faith is useless if one's disposition and choices do not back that up.
2. Embrace simplicity. Dave Ramsey likes to say that we have a habit of spending money we don't have on things we don't need to impress people we don't like. Too often we find status and reputation in belongings. So many are in over their heads in debt. We store stuff in storage spaces because we do not have enough space in our homes..stuff we will probably not use again. We waste immense amounts of items and food. We consume far too much. We see over consumption as a status enhancer. Faith, though, tells us to live simply and within our means. Simple doesn't mean living in squalor. It means that possession of items and the ability to make the money necessary to accrue them cannot come at the cost of primary duties to family and God. We must stop connecting happiness to possessions. We must know the difference between luxury and necessity.
3. Love people, not things. We need to be looking out for each others good. We need to be searching out the unfulfilled needs of others; be it friendship, food, clothing, knowledge, compassion...these should concern us more than material goods of worldly status. For we who call ourselves Christians (and what a shame when we don't actually live like Christians), the teachings of Christ demand as much.
4. Seek to heal wounds, not create new ones. We cannot forge ahead united if we keep attacking each other or keep picking at the scabs of old wounds. It saddens me every time I see some 'Catholic" ideologue attack his or her fellow Catholics in the public forum acting as if they were the true arbiter of orthodoxy, orthopraxy, or justice sent to save the day. Do you know what happens when an army attacks itself? It loses! It weakens itself to where it is ineffective. Do you know what happens when an enemy sees the opposing army attacking itself?! It emboldens them to attack with greater fervor! While we are slicing and dicing each other on church building styles, music, and such...the enemy strikes harder at picking off the morally weaker. This goes for our personal life as well! To what positive end do we carry our grudges? To what positive end do we anxiously await the word or phrase that will offend me and give just cause to attack? To what positive and Godly end is our aligning to ideological sides? The enemy gather his forces as we squabble and squander our energy fighting with each other. A house divided will fall. that is true for our marriages, our families, our parishes, and our society. Notice how those in power keep digging at division with the determination of a gold miner! We can't give into this. I would suggest limiting our time to the media that keeps stoking these fires for the sake of ratings.
5. Remember the only commandment that Christ gave us: Love one another! He didn't say love another only if a person agrees with you 100%. He didn't say love another person only if they are your ideological consort. In fact he tells us to love all...even our enemies. Nothing so disarms violence like compassion. Nothing so changes hearts as being shown love when it is undeserved. This is not pie in the sky hopeless optimism...it is the command of Christ.
If we hope to weather the encroaching storm, it will be binding as one with our God and with one another. We are not necessarily on any highway to hell...but how we respond to this world will tell us if we be on said highway or on that narrow path to heaven. We cannot call good evil...we cannot justify sin. Those who do will perish. None of us should wish that fate on anyone.